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What Causes Wrinkles?

What Causes Wrinkles

As we age our skin cells become thinner and less sticky.

Obviously thinner cell means the appearance of the skin is thinner. T

he lack of stickiness reduces how effective how barrier function is. This means moisture in our skin is released rather than being kept in making in drier.

The number of cells decreases by 10% every 10 years, as the reproduction of cells slows down the speed in which our skin repairs itself also slows and becomes less effective.

The natural production of collagen also decreases and our elastin fibres start to wear out. These are the building blocks of our skin; the elastin is what keeps everything in place. As this starts to wear out the building blocks of our skin start to crumble, this is what causes our skin to sag and wrinkle.

Our sweat glands reduce in numbers and although our sebaceous glands increase in size they produce less moisture. This causes again a drier skin. Dry skin looks dull and tired.

Your fat cells also shrink, no longer plumping out those wrinkles/folds.

It is important to keep the skin well hydrated to prevent loss of water, keep it protected so it doesn’t have to work harder to repair itself. Eat well with lots of healthy non-saturated fats (omega oils). Look at products that target free radical damage (free radicals are around us all the time in the environment (pollution) and cause ageing. Antioxidants will help fight the free radical damage.

About the author

Dr Navjit K Jandu

I very much enjoy getting to know my patients and devising individual treatment outcomes that are bespoke to them and their lifestyles. The positive impact that we can have on our patient’s lives still surprises me and I am often touched by the stories of a new found confidence and self-esteem after treatment.

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